Not many of us consider earthquake preparedness and associated safety as particularly concerning or something that they should be working towards. This natural disaster can strike anywhere, and anytime. And the only way to survive it is to anticipate and assess what you might need in those testing times to survive.
There needs to be a general appreciation of what might happen when an earthquake strikes, particularly in respect of people who reside under the fault line and are more susceptible to damages arising from an earthquake.
Why You Should Have An Earthquake Survival Kit?
Emergency situations usually come unannounced. Your earthquake survival kit can help you tremendously in case you are stuck at your home due to an earthquake or emergency, disconnected from the rest of the world.
Here are some of the main reasons you need to have an earthquake survival kit:
- You can use this kit not just during earthquakes, but in different types of survival situations including floods, severe storms, terrorism, pandemics, and health-related emergency scenarios – in all types of extreme situations where you are home-bound for days.
- A major earthquake may result in the disruption of basic utilities such as water, gas, and electricity. Even if you have a car, the roads may end up getting cut off or blocked. For this reason, you need to have an earthquake kit with basic supplies for a minimum of three days.
- If you reside in a region that witness tremors many times a year, it is a good idea to have an earthquake kit at home, another one in your car, and one more at your workplace. You can also have a grab-and-go emergency bag in case you need to leave your house and carry some basic survival stuff.
- Another reason why you need to prepare an earthquake survival kit is that once you have all the basics taken care of during an emergency, you can then focus on helping the people around you, physically and emotionally, especially if you have children. You can only productively help others if you don’t need any help yourself.
Your earthquake survival kit does not have to be expensive. Make sure the kit has special items for your family members, such as pet food and items for seniors and babies.
It may only take a few seconds for an earthquake to last, but its impact can be long lasting and permanent. Some experts recommend stocking up your provisions for as much as two weeks as you never know what is heading your way. Being prudent and assembling a survival earthquake kit for darker times could be the difference between life and death – for your own self and your loved ones.
Essential Things in Your Bug-out Bag
Survival kits for earthquakes and other kinds of calamities are usually the same. Here are three essential things that you should prepare in your bug-out bags.
- Nourishment is very significant. You might scoff at stories wherein people get sick or even die because of hunger. That is very possible. Three liters of water is most advisable to be kept inside your bag. Hard candy, chocolate and energy bars are also the perfect kind of food to be set aside in your earthquake survival kit.
- First aid kits are very important to be kept in your earthquake survival kit. Although you take all the preventive measures against possible accidents, you cannot possibly, completely ensure your safety especially during or after calamities like earthquakes.
- Important documents like mortgage and car papers, birth certificates, and all important papers should be kept inside these bug-out bags. Besides your current condition and safety, you have to think about the near future. You want to make sure that things can be fixed with less stress when everything settles.
- Besides preparing an Earthquake survival kit, you should also know the various earthquake safety tips. Here are some of the most important things that you should know and do when this disaster occurs.
- Look for an area in your home where you can hide or be protected. Usually, experts suggest that you stay under the table (as long as it is very sturdy) or portals of doors. It is also advisable that you duck low and cover your head and neck with your arms.
- Be aware of your current location. If you are near the coast or the sea, you should move to higher ground immediately because tsunami may follow. If you are in a mountainous area, landslides are bound to occur. You should know also that volcanic
- If you are driving, you should pull over to an open and clear spot. It will be more dangerous if you continue driving because it is possible that the ground will crack open. Look at your surroundings before you get out of the car. You have to make sure that nothing may accidently hit your head when you get off the car.
- Save your phone’s battery life so that you can make important calls every single time. The radio will be your biggest best friend at this time. You will get all the information and news from this form of media so make sure that this is always charged.
All these tips and suggestions for earthquake safety and preparation for the various provisions in your earthquake kit should be done as early as now. If you live under a fault line that means that your place is definitely prone to these earth shakes. Whether you do reside in these kinds of areas or not, you should always prepare an Earthquake Survival Kit for the safety and security of your family.
Best 3 Earthquake Survival Kits
Earthquake Survival Kit: An Emergency Checklist
In the event of an earthquake, it pays to be prepared. While the quake itself will usually last mere seconds, fixing the damage afterwards can take months or even years. In the first few days following a major earthquake, stores may be closed and water and power may be unavailable. Preparing a survival kit ahead of time for such a scenario will allow you to survive it in comfort, should it ever happen to you.
You should keep your kit somewhere out of reach, but easy to get to for everyone in your family.
Here are the items you must consider when preparing an earthquake survival kit:
First and foremost, you need water for you and your family. Have at least 12 liters for every family member stored (4L/day at a minimum of 3 days). Store the water in plastic containers, in a dark, cool place. For more information on water storage, check out this article on emergency water supply and storage.
Also have some method of purifying water, should you require more and need to sterilize an unknown water source. For more information, read this article on emergency water filtration and purification.
You should have at least 3 days worth of food stored for each member of your family. You’ll want high-calorie, nutrient-rich food, that will give you the most bang for your buck (and offer you some comfort). You’ll also want things that are easy to prepare, and don’t require cooking or lots of water to prepare (as these options may not be available to you):
Some ideas are:
- Canned meat, fruits and vegetables
- Peanut butter
- Beef Jerky
- Granola bars
- Instant coffee
- MRE’s (Meals, Ready-to-eat)
- Freeze dried food
- Paper cups and plates, with plastic utensils
- Garbage bags for waste
- For more info, check out this article on emergency food supply and storage.
- Also remember that, if you have pets, you should have at least 3 days of pet food stored for them.
You’ll need to have a first aid kit on hand to treat any minor injuries and wounds that could result from the earthquake. You could buy one prepared, or read this article and learn how to build your own first aid kit.
Also remember to have extra supplies of special items any family members might need: medication, prescription glasses, etc.
Some sanitation items to have extra of:
- Antibacterial gel
- Toilet paper
- Extra garbage bags for waste (the toilets might not be flushing for a few days!)
- Feminine supplies
- Cleaning supplies (including household chlorine bleach for water purifying)
Tools and Equipment
Some additional items to have in your kit:
- A battery powered radio, with extra batteries (it may be your only source of information)
- A flashlight with extra batteries (it may be your only source of light!)
- A utility knife
- Matches in a waterproof case
- A fire extinguisher
- A crescent or pipe wrench for shutting off the gas and water values (only do this if your house has sustained damage or you smell gas).
- Aluminum foil
- Extra paper and pencils
- Extra sewing needles and thread
- A gas-powered barbeque or grill (can come in very handy if the power is off for a few days).
- Extra cash as banks and ATM machines may be unavailable
You’ll also want at least 3 days worth of clothing for each member of your family.
Some extra items to have on hand:
- Work boots
- Sleeping bags, extra sheet/blankets
- Warm clothes
Finally, you’ll want to have all of your important documents in one safe place, should you need to move in a hurry.
What you’ll need:
- Family records (birth, marriage and death certificates)
- Deeds to house
- Insurance records
- Bank account and credit card information
- Important phone numbers
- Good luck and stay prepared!